Narco International Vegetable Forms Profile
Area Of Farms For Vegetable Farming
Machinery For Vegetable Farming
Crops Being Cultivated
Over the years, potato has become an important crop for both farmers and consumers in Pakistan. It is the fourth most important crop by volume of production; it is high yielding, having a high nutritive value and gives high returns to farmers.
From around 3,000 Ha. At the time of independence, the area under production increased to around 107000 ha. During the same period the average yields rose from around 9 in 1947 to 20 MT per ha. Pakistan is self-sufficient in potatoes for household consumption and relies for more than 99% on locally produced seed potatoes. Presently, it is estimated that the total annual domestic production amounts to around 1.8 Million MT, of which 280000 MT is used as seed and 1.8 Million MT is available for consumption after post harvest losses. With a population of roughly 132 Million, this accounts to 9.3 Kg per Capita per annum.
Punjab, Sindh, KPK and Baluchistan respectively account for 86, 0.5, 9 and 4.5 percent of the total area and 88.3, 0.3, 7.2 and 4.2 percent of the production of potatoes in the country.
Punjab: Okara, Sahiwal, Kasur, Sialkot, Sheikhupura, Jhang, Lahore, Narowal, Pak pattan, Gujranwala, T.T. Singh and Khanewal.
KPK: Nowshera, Dir, Swat, Balakot, Sakardu and Mansehra.
Baluchistan: Pishin, Killa Saifulla and Kalat.
Gilgit Bultistan: Gilgit
These are the important potato growing districts, accounting among themselves for 78 percent of the total production of the crop.
Potato is a tasty, nutritive and highly digestible vegetable with 75 percent water contents. One hundred grams of potato possesses 22g carbohydrate, two gram protein, 90 kilo calories energy, 13mg calcium, 17mg vitamin C, 11mg riboflavin 1.2 mg niacin and traces of certain other minerals and fiber. Potato is eaten intensively in a variety of forms such as boiled, baked, and cooked. As vegetable it is eaten alone as well as mixed with other vegetables and as snacks, the most popular of them being the finger chips. It has medical significance also.Sweet potatoes are root vegetables found in markets throughout the year but their peak season is from October to November, these are rich in beta-carotene. The substances, which are precursors of vitamin A in body, that is why these vegetables supply huge amount of vitamin A, vitamin A is very important for healthy vision and skin and it protects from infections.
Sweet potatoes are good store of proteins and fiber so they can be good alternative to proteins in strict vegetarians. Our muscles and brain are composed of proteins and their consumption is necessary to replenish the stores of proteins, which are lost daily by wear and tear of cells. Sweet potatoes also contain vitamin C and minerals like iron, copper, magnesium, phosphorous, calcium, potassium and zinc all of which participate in normal metabolism and does specific function in body.
Sweet potatoes are very soft in texture and have very unique sweet taste that’s why children like to eat it and they should be included in children’s diet to prevent respiratory infections and digestive problems which are common in children.
One old concept is that they should not be used in diabetic people because of presence of high carbohydrate content but recent research shows that they are in fact beneficial in diabetes and low glycemic index of sweet potatoes helps controlling abrupt changes in blood sugar levels.
Sweet Potatoes, also known as yams, are tuberous crops with the scientific name Ipomoea Batatas. Its plant is a creeper with heart-shaped or lobed leaves. The tubers color vary from purple or red to pale yellow or white, depending upon the variety, soil type, climate and available minerals.
The red variety has drier and harder flesh while the white and yellow types have juicier flesh. The red variety has a characteristic aroma which becomes more prominent on boiling. The more reddish or orange the color of the flesh of the sweet potatoes, the stronger this aroma will be. Perhaps this is due to the presence of beta carotene, whose concentration also increases with the color.
In Pakistan’s agrarian economy rice plays multifarious roles. Firstly, it is second staple food and contributes more than 2 million tonnes of national food requirement. Secondly, rice industry is an important source of employment and income for rural people. Thirdly, it contributes in the country’s foreign exchange exchequer. For instance, during 2011-12 about 3.29 million tonnes rice of worth US $2.06 billion was exported. The barter trade on Afghanistan border was in addition to this export. In Pakistan, rice is grown under diverse climatic and edaphic conditions. Basmati predominates in traditional rice tracts of Punjab. In Swat at high altitude mountain valleys, temperate Japonica rice is grown. In the South of KPK, Sindh and Balochistan Irri type long grain heat tolerant tropical rices are grown.