Narco Agro Fruit Forms Profile
Pakistan is an agricultural country and production of fruits is the part and parcel of this sector.
Pakistan is the sixth largest producer of Kinow (mandarin) and oranges in the world, with 2.1 million tons. Pakistan world mandarin and oranges market share during the year 1997 was 0.9 percent and 3.6 percent in terms of value and volume respectively. Pakistan is also the largest producer of ‘Citrus Reticula’ variety (Kinow), this unique variety of citrus is indigenous to this part of the world. According to an estimate approx. 95 percent of the total Kinow produced all over the world is grown in Pakistan.
Sunny winters in Pakistan yield a large variety of citrus fruits. The juicy kinno is a unique hybrid of two varieties of California Oranges. It has a soft skin which is easy to peel and has a lovely fragrance.
Pakistan is fortunate in having great diversity in its soil and in its ecological and climatic conditions, ranging from extremely warm to temperate, to very cold. This enables the country to grow many kinds of trees, plants, shrubs, vines and creepers which yield a large variety of fruits and vegetables.
Following are the main commercial varieties:
Mandarines. Feutrells Early and Kinnow
Lime. Kaghzi Lime and Sweet Lime
Citrus are the fruits belonging to the Rutacease family and mostly from the genus Citrus which are usually mix of sweet and acidic fruits. They are widely cultivated fruits in the world with areas under cultivation and production increasing greatly from 2000 – 2010. Citrus is ranked world number 2 1st in Pakistan w.r.t its area and production among fruits. There is a huge demand from both the fresh and processed oranges by the consumer. Mango ( Mangifera indica L.) is the king of fruits and one of the most important fruit crop in the world as well as in Pakistan. It’s a tropical, climacteric fruit liked by all due to its taste, flavour and excellent nutritional properties.
It is a delicious fruit being grown in more than 100 countries of the world. Today, the annual estimated world over production of mango is over 25million tones. In Pakistan, total area under fruit cultivation is 853.4 thousand hectares with the production of 7178.8 thousand tones while area under mango cultivation is 167.5 thousand hectares with the production of 1,732 thousand tones being the second major fruit crop of Pakistan after citrus and is ranked fourth in the world for its production. Mexico exports 194.5 thousands tones being 30.20% of the total trade, followed by Brazil (16.08%), Pakistan (7.38%), India (6.45%) and Philippines (5.62%). Major exporters of the fruit are Mexico, Philippines and Pakistan. According to an estimate, Pakistan produces 8.5% of world’s mango and mainly exports to Middle East, Iran, Germany, Japan, China and Hong Kong making its valuable contribution as an important foreign currency earning fruit crop.